Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible Online

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Gepen גפן
(275 words)

I. Name

Gapnu, ‘the vine’, is well attested as a divine name in the Ugaritic mythological texts, always in the binomial gpn w ugr, ‘vine(yard) and field’ (KTU 1.3 iii 37; 1.4 vii 54; 1.4 viii 47; 1.5 i 12). In spite of some dissenting opinions, this interpretation of the names is widely accepted today (Pardee 1989/1990). The Ugaritic name is etymologically connected with Heb. gepen, ‘vine’.

II. Identity

Ginsberg (1944) has established that, in spite of the lack of separate attestations of gpn and ugr, vario…

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D. Pardee, “Gepen גפן”, in: Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible Online, Edited by: Karel van der Toorn, Bob Becking, Pieter W. van der Horst. Consulted online on 23 March 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2589-7802_DDDO_DDDO_Gepen>



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