(657 words)

I. Name

The personal name Hammadatha to be found in Esther. 3.1 represents the Iranian name *Haumadata, ‘given by hauma’ (or, in the Avestan form, ‘haoma’), which is common in Achaemenid territory (Mayrhofer 1973). Iranian haoma is the equivalent of the Indian form soma, a name which simply means ‘juice’. Soma, to which the 9th book of Rigveda is devoted, is a liquor extracted from a plant which is ground in a stone mortar, then filtered and lengthily clarified through a horsehair sieve. The dr…

Cite this page
J. Kellens, “Haoma”, in: Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible Online, Edited by: Karel van der Toorn, Bob Becking, Pieter W. van der Horst. Consulted online on 23 January 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2589-7802_DDDO_DDDO_Haoma>

▲   Back to top   ▲