Josh. 15.9 and Josh. 18.15 mention the “(Spring of the) Water of Neptôaḥ”. This is, however, a secondary interpretation of the “(Spring of) Merenptah”. This Merenptah is Pharaoh Merenptah (ca. 1224–1214 bce) whose name (Mr.n Ptḥ) means “Beloved by (the god) Ptah”. Other occurrences of the Egyptian god Ptah have been found in the expression baṭṭuḥôt (Job 38.36; Görg 1980) and in the Hebrew word Topheth (Görg 1988).
Ptah is anthropomorphic. His close-fitting garment co…