Roma occurs only as toponym and as the name for the capital of the Roman Republic or Empire in Biblical and related literature. As a personification of the city and the republic, Roma attained divine status outside the Bible.
According to legends the toponym Roma originated from the foundation of the city to which Trojans were forced, after one of their women, Rhome, encouraged the destruction of their ships. In the Greek world Roma was consider…
Cite this page
J. W. van Henten,
“Roma Ῥώμη”, in:
Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible Online, Edited by: Karel van der Toorn, Bob Becking, Pieter W. van der Horst.
Consulted online on 16 January 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2589-7802_DDDO_DDDO_Roma>