(540 words)

I. Name

The name of king Solomon has, among other things (HALAT 1425), been interpreted as related to an Arabic deity s/šlmn (M. Höfner, RAAM 372; WbMyth. I, 466–467). This deity can, probably, be equated with the West Semitic god Shalman /Shalaman.

II. Identity

The oldest attestation of the deity occurs as a theophoric element in the Middle-Assyrian personal name dSa-la-ma-an-mu-šab-ši (C. Saporetti, Onomastica medio-assira [StP 6; Roma 1970] 387). In an Egyptian votive stela from t…

Cite this page
B. Becking, “Shalman”, in: Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible Online, Edited by: Karel van der Toorn, Bob Becking, Pieter W. van der Horst. Consulted online on 16 January 2019 <>

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