Spirit of the Dead אוב
(2,120 words)

I. Name

The term ʾôb is attested 17 times in the OT (one reference, Job 32.19, is dubious), for the most part followed by the term yiddĕʿōnî, (11 times). Though all scholars agree that the term relates to necromancy and to the conjuration and consultation of the spirits of the dead, its precise meaning and its etymology are still disputed.

II. Identity

The term ʾôb is interpreted in various ways. Consistent with the translations of the LXX (engastrimythos, ‘one who speaks from the belly’), Vg. (magu…

Cite this page
J. Tropper, “Spirit of the Dead אוב”, in: Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible Online, Edited by: Karel van der Toorn, Bob Becking, Pieter W. van der Horst. Consulted online on 23 January 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2589-7802_DDDO_DDDO_Spiritofthedead>



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