Strong Drink שׁכר
(956 words)

I. Name

šēkār occurs 23 times in the Bible, nearly always in conjunction with yayin ‘wine’, the two forming a kind of hendiadys which means ‘an intoxicating wine’ (similarly combined in Ugaritic, see RSP 1:209, no. 248). Only in two cases does šēkār occur alone: Num. 28.7; Ps. 69.13. The noun šēkār is derived from šākar ‘to intoxicate, become intoxicated’ (see, e.g., 1 Sam. 1.13–14; Jer. 25.27; Jer. 48.26; Prov. 31.4–7).

šēkār denotes a strong and intoxicating drink (thus also th…

Cite this page
M. Malul, “Strong Drink שׁכר”, in: Dictionary of Deities and Demons in the Bible Online, Edited by: Karel van der Toorn, Bob Becking, Pieter W. van der Horst. Consulted online on 22 January 2019 <>

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