(2,661 words)

al-Barbahārī, Abū Muḥammad al-Ḥasan b. ʿAlī b. Khalaf (d. 329/941), was a radical Ḥanbalī theologian, jurist and preacher (wāʿiẓ), who instigated several sectarian riots in Baghdad. His nisba means someone who sells a kind of Indian medicine called barbahār (al-Samʿānī, 1/307; Ibn al-Athīr, al-Lubāb, 1/133).

Although the year of his birth is not known, he must have been born in either 233/847 or 252/866, the former if we accept the account which states that he died at the age of ninety-six (lunar years), the la…

Cite this page
Gozashteh, Naser and Esots, Janis, “al-Barbahārī”, in: Encyclopaedia Islamica, Editors-in-Chief: Wilferd Madelung and, Farhad Daftary. Consulted online on 20 June 2018 <>
First published online: 2013
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004246911, 20131209

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