al-Dawr wa al-tasalsul
(4,212 words)

al-Dawr wa al-tasalsul (‘circular argument’ and ‘infinite regress’), two Arabic terms in logic that are used to denote cases of fallacious argument and invalid reasoning. In philosophical discussions, these terms are employed to invalidate arguments or assumptions which logically entail one of two impossible states, namely: 1) A proof for a proposition or a cause for a phenomenon whose validity/existence ultimately depends upon itself; or 2) a chain of causation postulated for a phenomenon that goes back infinitely without terminating in another phenomenon.

The word ‘dawr’, in i…

Cite this page
Azadeh Sadat Sajjadi, “al-Dawr wa al-tasalsul”, in: Encyclopaedia Islamica, Editors-in-Chief: Wilferd Madelung and, Farhad Daftary. Consulted online on 17 June 2018 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1875-9831_isla_COM_036124>
First published online: 2018
First print edition: 20180110



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