al-Fārābī, Abū Naṣr Muḥammad (d. Rajab 339/December 950–January 951), Muslim philosopher, one of the ‘founders’ of the falsafa tradition, sometimes referred to as ‘al-Muʿallim al-Thānī’ (lit. ‘The Second Teacher’, Aristotle being the First).
Part I: Life and Works
Scholars hold differing opinions about his father’s name and his ethnic background. The earliest source of information about al-Fārābī’s life and works is Ibn al-Nadīm (d. 385/995), who gives hi…
Cite this page
Part I: Sadeq Sajjadi and
Part II: Sayyad Javad Tabatabai,
Encyclopaedia Islamica, Editors-in-Chief: Wilferd Madelung and, Farhad Daftary.
Consulted online on 21 January 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1875-9831_isla_COM_036121>