(1,312 words)

Baraka (blessing), a term denoting a religious concept that holds a prominent place in both the Qurʾān and ḥadīth and is widely used in popular Muslim cultures. The trilateral root b-r-k is found in most Semitic languages with the same two core meanings. The simple form of the verb in both Arabic and Hebrew conveys the action of kneel-ing (Lane, entry on baraka; Gesenius, entry on barekh; cf. Psalms 95:6). This meaning is also found in cognate languages (Assyrian: birku, Ethiopic: ብርክ, Aramaic בִּרְכָּא; Syriac: ܒܪܟ; Ugaritic: 𐎁𐎗𐎋) and in Arabic the IV for…

Cite this page
Karimi, Mahmoud and Negahban, Farzin, “Baraka”, in: Encyclopaedia Islamica, Editors-in-Chief: Wilferd Madelung and, Farhad Daftary. Consulted online on 21 June 2018 <>
First published online: 2013
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004246911, 20131209

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