Bāṭiniyya, a designation applied to certain groups of Muslims, especially to Ismailis, who make a distinction between the exoteric (ẓāhir) and the esoteric (bāṭin), and hold that the esoteric aspects of the Qurʾān ¶ and religious law are of much greater significance than their outward aspects (Daftary, 130–131).
The word derives from the Arabic root letters bāʾ, ṭāʾ and nūn, and means ‘inward,’ ‘hidden’ ‘concealed’ and ‘esoteric’ (Lane, 1/221). It re…
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Daadbeh, Asghar and
Encyclopaedia Islamica, Editors-in-Chief: Wilferd Madelung and, Farhad Daftary.
Consulted online on 23 August 2017 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1875-9831_isla_COM_000000100>
First published online: 2013
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004246911, 20131209