Bih Āfarīd
(2,407 words)

Bih Āfarīd (Bihāfarīdh) (d. ca. 131/749), the founder of the Bih Āfarīdiyya group, who laid claim to being a prophet. There seems to have been two sources accessible to early authors about the life of Bih Āfarīd, his beliefs and activities: one is by Ibrāhīm b. ʿAbbās al-Ṣūlī (d. 243/857), who wrote a work about the ʿAbbāsids (see Sezgin, GAS, 2/578–580) which was available to Ibn al-Nadīm (pp. 407–408) and Muḥammad al-ʿAwfī (3(1)/226–228, 4(1)/178), from whom al-Bīrūnī, Abū Ḥātim al-Rāzī and others appear to h…

Cite this page
Bahramian, Ali and Poor, Daryoush Mohammad, “Bih Āfarīd”, in: Encyclopaedia Islamica, Editors-in-Chief: Wilferd Madelung and, Farhad Daftary. Consulted online on 26 May 2018 <>
First published online: 2013
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004246911, 20131209

▲   Back to top   ▲