Bihzād, Kamāl al-Dīn
(2,497 words)

Bihzād, Kamāl al-Dīn d. ca. 942/1535, is arguably the most famous of all Persian painters. He attained the peak of his fame in his craft in Herat during the reign of the last Tīmūrid princeling, Sulṭān Ḥusayn Bāyqarā (r. 873–911/1469–1506). Bihzād is often compared to Mānī, the founder of the religion of Manichaeism in the 3rd century CE, one of whose holy books, the Aržang, contains paintings popularly attributed to him. Bihzād’s style is synonymous with the best illustration, lustrous colouring and minutely natu…

Cite this page
Farhad, Massumeh and Brown, Keven, “Bihzād, Kamāl al-Dīn”, in: Encyclopaedia Islamica, Editors-in-Chief: Wilferd Madelung and, Farhad Daftary. Consulted online on 21 June 2018 <>
First published online: 2013
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004246911, 20131209

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