Fanāʾ and Baqāʾ
(3,663 words)

Fanāʾ and baqāʾ (annihilation and subsistence) are two terms, often found together, pertaining to the terminology of the Sufi path (sayr wa sulūk). Their origin and basis being metaphysical and cosmological, it is appropriate to discuss this latter aspect before examining the usage and significance of f…

Cite this page
Alireza Ebrahim and with additions by M. I. Waley, “Fanāʾ and Baqāʾ”, in: Encyclopaedia Islamica, Editors-in-Chief: Wilferd Madelung and, Farhad Daftary. Consulted online on 18 October 2018 <>
First published online: 2018
First print edition: 20180110

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