System of Transliteration of Arabic and Persian Characters
(106 words)

Consonants

Short Vowels

ء

ʾ

ز

z

ک

k

ـَــ

a

ب

b

ژ

zh

گ

g

ــُـ

u

پ

p

س

s

ل

l

ـِــ

i

ت

t

ش

sh

م

m

ث

th

ص

ن

n

Long Vowels

ج

j

ض

ه

h

ا ى

ā

چ

ch

ط

و

w

و

ū

ح

ظ

ی

y

ي

ī

خ

kh

ع

ʿ

د

d

غ

gh

Diphthongs

ذ

dh

ف

f

ـَــ و

aw

ر

r

ق

q

َــ ي

ay

ة a; at (construct state)

ال al- (article)

Cite this page
“System of Transliteration of Arabic and Persian Characters”, in: Encyclopaedia Islamica, Editors-in-Chief: Wilferd Madelung and, Farhad Daftary. Consulted online on 24 July 2017 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1875-9831_isla_transliteration>
First published online: 2013
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004246911, 20131209



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