Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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(276 words)

, Persian measure of distance on a time basis, from the Parthian word * frasak̲h̲ , which came into Armenian as hrasak̲h̲ , into Syrian as pars e ḥā , to continue in both Arabic and modern Persian as farsak̲h̲ . Beside this, there is also the modern Persian farsang , derived from the Middle Persian frasang , the Old Persian * parāt̲h̲anga , to be found in Herodotus and Xenophon as παρασάγγης. Originally the distance which could be covered on foot in an hour, or ‘marching mile’, this developed (presumably as early as Sāsānid times) into a standard measure of distance. Herodotus takes the parasang to…

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Hinz, W., “Farsak̲h̲”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 17 June 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_2299>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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