Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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(1,347 words)

(p.), New (Year’s) Day.

1. In the Islamic heartlands. The word is frequently represented in Arabic works in the form Nayrūz , which appears in Arabic literature as early as the verse of al-Ak̲h̲ṭal [q.v.] (see al-D̲j̲awālīḳī, Muʿarrab , ed. A.M. S̲h̲ākir, Tehran 1966; al-Ḳalḳas̲h̲andī, Ṣubḥ al-aʿs̲h̲ā , ii, 408). It was the first day of the Persian solar year and is not represented in the Muslim lunar year (al-Masʿūdī, Murūd̲j̲ , iii, 416-17 = §§ 1301-2). In Achaemenid times, the official year began with Nawrūz, when the sun entered the Zodiacal Sign of Aries (the…

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Levy, R., Bosworth, C.E. and Freeman-Greenville, G.S.P., “Nawrūz”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 18 June 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_COM_0858>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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