Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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(9,544 words)

, a neo-orthodox brand of Islamic reformism, originating in the late 19th century and centred on Egypt, aiming to regenerate Islam by a return to the tradition represented by the “pious forefathers” (al-salaf al-ṣāliḥ, hence its name) of the Primitive Faith. For definition, background, origins, doctrines and general aspects see iṣlāḥ ; muḥammad ʿabduh ; ras̲h̲id riḍā .

1. In North Africa.

(a) Tunisia. Tunisia was the first Mag̲h̲rib country to receive a reformist (though not purely salafī ) message from the East. Muḥammad ʿAbduh visited Tunis (December-January 1885) with…

Cite this page
Shinar, P. and Ende, W., “Salafiyya”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 18 June 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_COM_0982>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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