Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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Waḥdat al-S̲h̲uhūd
(2,683 words)

(a.), with Waḥdat al-Wud̲j̲ūd , two technical terms of Ṣūfī mysticism.

Waḥdat al-s̲h̲uhūd “the oneness of witnessing” is a doctrine established by S̲h̲ayk̲h̲ Aḥmad Sirhindī [q.v.] in response to waḥdat al-wud̲j̲ūd “the oneness of being” or “the unity of existence”, a term that by his day was identified with the position of Ibn al-ʿArabī [q.v.; see also taṣawwuf. 2.]. Most of the secondary literature has assumed that there really is a specific, recognised doctrine known as waḥdat al-wud̲j̲ūd established by Ibn al-ʿArabī and that waḥdat al-s̲h̲uhūd really does offer an alternative…

Cite this page
Chittick, W.C., “Waḥdat al-S̲h̲uhūd”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 24 June 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_7819>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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