Agency and Causation
(4,421 words)


Semantic roles related to causation are agent, cause, instrument and intermediary, while the status of force and means as independent semantic roles in Greek is controversial. Agents are often encoded as subjects; various types of encoding exist for passive agents, partly depending on the author. Instrument and cause are encoded through the instrumental dative, but cause is most often encoded through vari…

Cite this page
Silvia Luraghi, “Agency and Causation”, in: Encyclopedia of Ancient Greek Language and Linguistics, Managing Editors Online Edition: First Last. Consulted online on 24 April 2017 <>
First published online: 2013

▲   Back to top   ▲