Attic Reversion
(602 words)

Abstract

A development of PIE *ā peculiar to Attic, resulting in the merger of *ā with *ē except after e, i, r.  

Attic-Ionic differed from other dialect groups in its treatment of PIE *ā. While other dialects typically retained *ā as [ɑ̄] (written as α), in Att.-Ion. merged with inherited (written as η), as seen with timḗ below. In Att., however, some cases of expected [ē] after [e, i, r] surface as [ɑ̄], as seen with neā́, oikíā, and khṓrā:

 

Att.

Ion.

other dialects

 

 

timḗ

timḗ

timā́

‘honor’

 

neā́

neḗ

neā́

‘new’

 

oikíā

oikíē

oikíā

‘house’

 

khṓ…

Cite this page
Bridget Samuels, “Attic Reversion”, in: Encyclopedia of Ancient Greek Language and Linguistics, Managing Editors Online Edition: First Last. Consulted online on 25 July 2017 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2214-448X_eagll_SIM_00000421>
First published online: 2013



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