Case (ptôsis), Ancient Theories of
(2,258 words)

Abstract

The word ptôsis was the technical term for the grammatical cases in Greek linguistic treatises. Its literal translation is ‘falling down’, from the verb píptein ‘to fall’. Similarly, its Lat. calque casus derives from the verb cadere ‘to fall’. The metaphor stuck and invited the question where the cases actually fall from. In the Peripatetic tradition it was maintained that the other cases fall from the nominative, hence the nominative …

Cite this page
Philipp Brandenburg, “Case (ptôsis), Ancient Theories of”, in: Encyclopedia of Ancient Greek Language and Linguistics, Managing Editors Online Edition: First Last. Consulted online on 30 April 2017 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2214-448X_eagll_COM_00000051>
First published online: 2013



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