(559 words)


Epenthesis is the intrusion of a stop in a consonant cluster.

Epenthesis is a cover term for the insertion of any vocalic or consonantal sound. Since vowel epenthesis is further known as anaptyxis, epenthesis can be restrictively used to refer to just the intrusion of a stop in a consonant cluster: cf. Lat. humerum > *homro > Spanish hombro ‘shoulder’. According to the Syllable Contact Law, at a syllable boundary a coda should be more sonorant than the following onset ( Vennemann 1988). Therefore, the [b] in hombro ([m.b]) is intro…

Cite this page
Alcorac Alonso Déniz, “Epenthesis”, in: Encyclopedia of Ancient Greek Language and Linguistics, Managing Editors Online Edition: First Last. Consulted online on 22 January 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2214-448X_eagll_SIM_00000457>
First published online: 2013

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