Greek and Aramaic
(2,331 words)


Our primary evidence for the impact of Greek on Aramaic comes from the post-Christian centuries. The Rabbinic literature in Hebrew and Aramaic (3rd - 7th c. CE) manifests pervasive influence of Hellenistic and Early Byzantine Greek in its lexicon (the Palestinian Talmud, Midrashim and Targums contain more than 3000 words of Greek origin); further research is necessary regarding their structural influence. Vice versa, Hellenistic inscriptions from Pal…

Cite this page
Vit Bubenik, “Greek and Aramaic”, in: Encyclopedia of Ancient Greek Language and Linguistics, Managing Editors Online Edition: First Last. Consulted online on 17 January 2019 <>
First published online: 2013

▲   Back to top   ▲