Mood (énklisis), Ancient Theories of
(1,975 words)

Abstract

The Greek grammarians identified five moods (ἐγκλίσεις, enklíseis): indicative, imperative, optative, subjunctive and infinitive. The first three correspond to specific speech acts (respectively: assertions, directives, wishes), while the last is described as a kind of zero mode. As for the subjunctive, as its name suggests, it is a subordinate mode. Its value varies according to the function of the conjunction preceding it.

The Greek grammarians’ theory of mood was rooted in the identification of the princ…

Cite this page
Jean Lallot, “Mood (énklisis), Ancient Theories of”, in: Encyclopedia of Ancient Greek Language and Linguistics, Managing Editors Online Edition: First Last. Consulted online on 19 August 2017 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2214-448X_eagll_COM_00000239>
First published online: 2013



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