Synizesis
(748 words)

Abstract

Synizesis is the loss of syllabicity of a vowel in hiatus.

Synizesis is the loss of syllabicity (desyllabification) of a vowel followed in hiatus, e.g. Sp. línea [ˈline̯a] ‘line’, cacao [kaˈkao̯] ‘cocoa’. Like contraction, elision and aphaeresis, it is a strategy to avoid hiatus. After synizesis, the reduced vowel often rises: Lat. habeat > It. abbia [ˈabbja] ‘may (s)he have’, Ioannes > Sp. Juan [ˈxwan] ‘John’. Synizesis can be right- or left-orientated: Lat. ego > *eo > Port. eu [eu̯], Sp. yo [ʝo] ‘I’.

The phenomenon is well …

Cite this page
Alcorac Alonso Déniz, “Synizesis”, in: Encyclopedia of Ancient Greek Language and Linguistics, Managing Editors Online Edition: First Last. Consulted online on 24 August 2017 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2214-448X_eagll_SIM_00000540>
First published online: 2013



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