Yodization
(470 words)

Abstract

Yodization is any change resulting in a palatal semivowel /j/.

Yodization is any change resulting in a palatal semivowel /j/, i.e. ‘yod’. In Greek, the phenomenon affects particularly /i/ and /e/ in hiatus and is best known as synizesis: theós ‘god’ > [tʰe̯ós] > Lac. siós [sjós]. The semivowel /j/ may become a fricative through fortition: Anc. Gk. iatrós [iaːtrós] ‘doctor’ > [jaːtrós] > Mod. Gk. γιατρός [ʝaˈtros], Anc. Gk. heortḗ [heortέː] ‘feast’ > [e̯ortέː] > [jorˈti] > Mod. Gk. γιορτή [ʝorˈti]. 

There is little evidence of…

Cite this page
Alcorac Alonso Déniz, “Yodization”, in: Encyclopedia of Ancient Greek Language and Linguistics, Managing Editors Online Edition: First Last. Consulted online on 23 March 2017 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2214-448X_eagll_SIM_00000553>
First published online: 2013



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