(2,414 words)

1. Morphological structure

Conjunctions are a closed class of uninflected words which serve the joining of words, phrases, clauses, or sentences and simultaneously express a specific semantic relationship between the conjoined elements. In most cases Arabic conjunctions lack the otherwise salient root-pattern structure of the language. Accordingly, there is usually no distinction between a consonantal root e…

Cite this page
Michael Waltisberg, “Conjunctions”, in: Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics, Managing Editors Online Edition: Lutz Edzard, Rudolf de Jong. Consulted online on 19 February 2019 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004177024, 20090831

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