(2,599 words)

The term ḥarf (pl. ḥurūf, aḥruf) ‘part, particle, edge, end, boundary’ is used in Arabic linguistic terminology to indicate (1) the final segment formed as a result of the linear segmentation of the Arabic word; (2) a component of the prosodic, morphological, and lexical pattern of a word; (3) any discrete unit of an Arabic text that has a linguistic function (word, morpheme); (5) a certain class of linguistic units; or (6) one of the parts of speech, against nouns and verbs.

As a polyvalent notion, the term ḥarf has no equivalent in the conceptual system of European linguistics (F…

Cite this page
Samvel Karabekyan, “Ḥarf”, in: Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics, Managing Editors Online Edition: Lutz Edzard, Rudolf de Jong. Consulted online on 16 February 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1570-6699_eall_EALL_SIM_vol2_0015>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004177024, 20090831

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