Mood (Standard Arabic)
(1,964 words)

1. Mood in Arabic grammar

The term ‘mood’ in Western grammars of Standard and Classical Arabic applies to the ‘imperfect’ or ‘prefixed’ verbal stem -qtul- and its four endings -u, -a, -Ø (zero), and -an(na). (The full paradigms are given in Table 2, and the prefixes for grammatical person are discussed in Table 1.) The form ya-qtul-u ‘he kills/will kill’ (hyphens separate morphemes) serves as the present/future tense in direct opposition to …

Cite this page
Ernest N. McCarus, “Mood (Standard Arabic)”, in: Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics, Managing Editors Online Edition: Lutz Edzard, Rudolf de Jong. Consulted online on 22 February 2019 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004177024, 20090831

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