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(4,463 words)

1. History and evolution

With the Arab conquest of Iran in the 7th century and the conversion of a majority of the population to Islam, Arabic came to exert a profound influence on the Persian language. The form of Persian affected was not literary Middle Persian (pårsīk, commonly c…

Cite this page
John R. Perry, “Persian”, in: Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics, Managing Editors Online Edition: Lutz Edzard, Rudolf de Jong. Consulted online on 19 March 2018 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004177024, 20090831

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