(1,597 words)

The term ‘presentative’ is used here to refer to a variety of constructions containing particles that have the function of drawing the attention of the hearer/reader. The particles draw attention either to a referent or to a proposition expressed by a clause. In Classical Arabic, this function is performed by demonstrative particles and ʾiḏā (bi-).

When a presentative particle is used to draw attention to a referent, it forms a complete clausal unit, e.g. hāḏā zaydun, ʾiḏā zaydun ‘here is Zayd’.

The presentative function of the demonstrative particles should be distinguished…

Cite this page
Geoffrey Khan, “Presentatives”, in: Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics, Managing Editors Online Edition: Lutz Edzard, Rudolf de Jong. Consulted online on 19 January 2019 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004177024, 20090831

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