(1,386 words)

Punctuation (tarqīm) is an important and cohesive device in written texts. Writers use punctuation to separate groups of words for meaning and emphasis; to signal the beginning or end of sentences, phrases or clauses; and to help avoid contextual ambiguity.

Many written languages use punctuation marks, but their function differs across languages. In the case of the Arabic language, punctuation marks (ʿalāmāt at-tarqīm) are added to the Arabic script. Hence, …

Cite this page
Siamak Rezaei, “Punctuation”, in: Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics, Managing Editors Online Edition: Lutz Edzard, Rudolf de Jong. Consulted online on 19 January 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1570-6699_eall_EALL_COM_vol3_0276>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004177024, 20090831

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