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Until the early 20th century, there was little difference in the style and vocabulary of Persian as written in Iran, Central Asia, or India. After the Bolshevik revolution in Bukhara (1920) and the creation of the Tajik SSR, a literary language called Tajik, based on vernacular Persian of Central Asia and written in a Latin alphabet (from 1928), then a Cyrillic alphabet (from 1939), was fostered as the language of the Soviet nationality of the Tajiks. (The term Tåjik, derived from the Middle Persian Tāzīk ‘Arab’, was an ethnonym distinguishing Persian speakers from Turks – spec…

Cite this page
John R. Perry, “Tajik”, in: Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics, Managing Editors Online Edition: Lutz Edzard, Rudolf de Jong. Consulted online on 23 March 2018 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004177024, 20090831

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