(2,361 words)

Arabic is consistent with other Semitic languages in its nonconcatenative morphology. Verbal and nominal forms alike are typically formed by interdigitation of consonantal roots (ideally consisting of three radicals) and vocalic templates, either with or without affixes. Verbs have historically been classified as ‘perfect’ and ‘imperfect’, using a loose correlation between aspectual meaning and the morphological forms which were perceived as conveying them. These two forms are also referred to as suffix conjugation (qatala) and prefix conjugation (yaqtulu), which are the…

Cite this page
Uri Horesh, “Tense”, in: Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics, Managing Editors Online Edition: Lutz Edzard, Rudolf de Jong. Consulted online on 22 March 2018 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1570-6699_eall_EALL_COM_0340>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004177024, 20090831

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