International Relations up to 1949
(4,144 words)

1. The Period before the Opium War

Throughout its history, China's relationship to the outside world was determined by two factors: its geographic situation and its cultural tradition. Geographically, China is surrounded by high mountains, deserts, and oceans. Thus nature gives it an insular character which has not been without influence on its historica…

Cite this page
Kuo-Chi, Lee, “International Relations up to 1949”, in: Brill’s Encyclopedia of China, Managing Editor English Edition: Daniel Leese. Consulted online on 28 May 2017
First published online: 2008
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004168633, 20121018



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