Directional Complements
(2,014 words)

When a verb that expresses a directional meaning is placed after another verb, either directly attached or separated by some other element, it is often referred to as a directional complement. According to Liú (1998), eleven simple directional verbs in Chinese can be used as directional complements; they are listed in (1). A sentence is given for illustration in (2).

1.

 

lái ‘come’

‘go’ 

shàng ‘ascend-up’

 

 

xià ‘descend-down’

jìn ‘enter-in’  

chū ‘exit-out’

 

過 

 

huí ‘return-back’

guò ‘pass-over’ 

‘rise-up’

 

開 

 

 

kāi ‘open-away’ 

dào ‘arrive-to’

 

 

 2.

 一個男孩子向我跑。(vc…

Cite this page
Xiaoguang LI, “Directional Complements”, in: Encyclopedia of Chinese Language and Linguistics, General Editor Rint Sybesma. Consulted online on 24 September 2017 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2210-7363_ecll_COM_00000131>
First published online: 2015



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