Nominalization
(2,332 words)

Nominalization is a process by which either a noun or a noun phrase is derived from a predicative category. These derived nouns or noun phrases are called nominalized expressions. For example:

 1.

a.

指揮過樂隊 (verb)

 

 

zhǐhuīguo       yuèduì   

 

 

conduct-exp  orchestra 

 

 

‘has conducted an orchestra’

 

 a’.

樂隊的指揮 (nominalized)

 

 

yuèduì       de    zhǐhuī

 

 

orchestra  sub  conductor

 

 

‘the orchestra’s conductor’

 

 b.

農民在賣菜。 (verb)

 

 

Nóngmín  zài      mài  cài

 

 

farmer       prog  sell   vegetable

 

 

‘The farmer is selling vegetables.’ 

 

b’.

賣菜的走了。 (nominalized)

 

 

Mài  cài     …

Cite this page
Weina ZHENG, Fan LIU and Yang SHEN, “Nominalization”, in: Encyclopedia of Chinese Language and Linguistics, General Editor Rint Sybesma. Consulted online on 24 September 2017 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2210-7363_ecll_COM_00000289>
First published online: 2015



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