Transcription Systems: Gwoyeu Romatzyh 國語羅馬字
(4,270 words)

Gwoyeu Romatzyh (Guóyǔ Luómǎzì 國語羅馬字) was the 'National Language Romanization' developed in the early 20th century during the first decades of the Republic of China. Frequently referred to as 'GR', Gwoyeu Romatzyh was the capstone of efforts to provide an infrastructure for the promotion of a unified national language. Developed primarily by Yuen Ren Chao 趙元任 (Zhào Yuánrèn 1892–1982), but with significant support and input from ot…

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Richard VanNess SIMMONS, “Transcription Systems: Gwoyeu Romatzyh 國語羅馬字”, in: Encyclopedia of Chinese Language and Linguistics, General Editor Rint Sybesma. Consulted online on 29 March 2017 <>
First published online: 2015

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