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Afghanistan
(554 words)

Afghanistan became a separate kingdom under Aḥmad Shāh Durrāni (ruled 1747–73), who, as an officer of Nāder Shāh of Persia, left the army and was able to build his small Pashtuni state on the subjection of various ethnic groups in northeast Iran and central Asia. About 90 percent of the present-day population are rural peasants or nomads. Approximately 78 percent belong to the Sunni branch of Islam, 20 percent are Shiites, and 1 percent are Ismailis. The rest consist primarily of Hindus, Sikhs, adherents of traditional religions (the tribes in Nuristan), and a small numb…

Cite this page
Colpe, Carsten, “Afghanistan”, in: Encyclopedia of Christianity Online. Consulted online on 22 March 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2211-2685_eco_A97>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004169678, 20080512



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