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(715 words)

Umbanda is a new and consciously syncretistic (Syncretism) religion of Brazil. It is also a name for religious groups of Afro-Brazilian origin. Indian spirituality and elements of popular Catholicism (worship of the saints) contribute to it, along with spiritism, which is widespread in Brazil. The basis and historical starting point, however, are the structurally different African traditions of the originally northern Brazilian Candomblé (priestly type, West African religions) and the southern Macumba (healer type, Bantu religions),…

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Flasche, Rainer, “Umbanda”, in: Encyclopedia of Christianity Online. Consulted online on 22 May 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2211-2685_eco_U.6>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004169678, 20080512

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