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Yoga
(416 words)

Yoga, the Vedic term for “exertion,” “strain,” or “venture” (related to Gk. zygon and Lat. iugum, “yoke”), is a technical term used in various senses.

1. In a less technical sense yoga has to do with forms of trance (Ecstasy), asceticism, and meditation. Two or three such rituals reach back to the end of the second century b.c. in southern Asia. Then in a more crystallized sense we find jñānayoga, bhaktiyoga, and karmayoga (yoga through the ways of knowledge, surrender/devotion, and action) in the Bhagavad Gita, and the Yoga Sutras of Patañjali (lived between 2d cent. b.c. and 2d cent. a.d.).…

Cite this page
Colpe, Carsten, “Yoga”, in: Encyclopedia of Christianity Online. Consulted online on 20 February 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2211-2685_eco_Y.4>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004169678, 20080512



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