Analysis, mathematical
(2,337 words)

1. Genesis of the term

The term analysis goes back to the ancient Greek distinction between analysis and synthesis. It signifies a mathematical procedure, used especially in geometry, by which the outcome sought is initially assumed as given, and then a process of reverse working pursued until something already known is encountered (Arithmetica universalis). The idea of analysis was used from the end of the 16th …

Cite this page
Jahnke, Hans Niels, “Analysis, mathematical”, in: Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online, Executive editor of the English edition: Graeme Dunphy. Consulted online on 21 March 2018 <>
First published online: 2015
First print edition: 20160321

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