(2,678 words)

1. Concept

The term Ashkenazi, pl. Ashkenazim, derived from the Hebrew Ashkenaz, originally described the Jewish inhabitants of the French- and German-speaking lands in the Medieval Period. With the migration of Jews to the East in particular, from the 16th century it was extended to refer also to the Jewish inhabitants of the new settlement areas. In the Early Modern Period, most Ashkenazim lived in the arist…

Cite this page
Aust, Cornelia, “Ashkenazim”, in: Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online, Executive editor of the English edition: Graeme Dunphy. Consulted online on 20 March 2018 <>
First published online: 2015
First print edition: 20160321

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