(1,329 words)

1. England

The Baptist movement emerged among English refugees (Refugees of conscience) who followed the Congregationalist constitutional model of the Puritan (Puritanism) Robert Browne (1550-1633) and had fled to Holland in 1607 on account of their “non-conformist” stance that diverged from the Church of England (Anglicanism). Here they met Mennonites (Anabaptists) under whose influence they introduced believers’ baptism. In 1609 the leader John Smyth baptized himself (which he la…

Cite this page
Geldbach, Erich, “Baptists”, in: Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online, Executive editor of the English edition: Graeme Dunphy. Consulted online on 21 March 2018 <>
First published online: 2015
First print edition: 20160321

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