(2,154 words)

The European honey bee, classified by Linnaeus in 1758 as Apis mellifera (Latin, “honey-producing bee”), is indigenous to Europe, Western Asia, and Africa. It cannot live in the wild in regions where either cold or drought makes the blossom season too short for the colony to reproduce through swarming and subsequently stockpile food for winter [10]. Other honey bee species live in South and East Asia. A…

Cite this page
Geffcken, Hermann, “Bee”, in: Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online, Executive editor of the English edition: Graeme Dunphy. Consulted online on 24 March 2018 <>
First published online: 2015
First print edition: 20160321

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