(2,521 words)

1. Terminological history and emergence of the discipline

Contrary to long-held assumptions, the German term Biologie for the scientific study of phenomena oflife first appeared not at the end of the 18th century, but in the middle years of the century [1]; [12]. In its Latin form (biologia), the word can be traced back to the late 17th century [9]. However, until the mid-18t…

Cite this page
Toepfer, Georg, “Biology”, in: Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online, Executive editor of the English edition: Graeme Dunphy. Consulted online on 20 March 2018 <>
First published online: 2015
First print edition: 20160907

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