Blood
(3,362 words)

1. Medicine

1.1. Humoral pathology

Until the early 18th century, blood was thought of as the moist, well-tempered “sap that fills the blood vessels and is thought [by physicians] to consist of four particular humors: phlegm, yellow and black bile, and the blood proper” [1]. In the view of humoralism, the humors with their associated qualities (blood: warm, moist; yellow bile: warm, dry; phlegm: cold, moist; black bile: cold, dry) are produced by digestion (Latin coctio, literally “cooking”) of food; they are always …

Cite this page
Eckart, Wolfgang Uwe and Jarzebowski, Claudia, “Blood”, in: Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online, Executive editor of the English edition: Graeme Dunphy. Consulted online on 29 June 2017 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2352-0272_emho_COM_017702>
First published online: 2015
First print edition: 20160907



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