École Polytechnique
(1,002 words)

1. Foundation and conceptual orientation

Unlike the practical schools of engineering of the Ancien Régime, the institution founded in Paris during the French Revolution as the École centrale des travaux publics in 1794,and renamed École Polytechnique (its name to this day) the following year, taught mathematical and scientific theory as the basis for engineering and technical professions. Their…

Cite this page
Dhombres, Jean, “École Polytechnique”, in: Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online, Executive editor of the English edition: Graeme Dunphy. Consulted online on 20 March 2018 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2352-0272_emho_COM_018510>
First published online: 2015
First print edition: 20151216

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